Author Topic: Isalam And Science.  (Read 7427 times)

Offline Mahmud

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Isalam And Science.
« on: July 04, 2011, 10:57:42 AM »
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This article is about the relationship between Islam and science. For the historical development of science in the Islamic world, see Science in medieval Islam. For for the belief that the Quran scriptural foreknowledge prophesied scientific theories and discoveries - known as 'Ijaz al-Qur'an, see Scientific foreknowledge in sacred texts.

Islam and science describes the relationship between Muslim communities and science in general. From an Islamic standpoint, science, the study of nature, is considered to be linked to the concept of Tawhid (the Oneness of God), as are all other branches of knowledge.[1] In Islam, nature is not seen as a separate entity, but rather as an integral part of Islam’s holistic outlook on God, humanity, and the world. This link implies a sacred aspect to the pursuit of scientific knowledge by Muslims, as nature itself is viewed in the Qur’an as a compilation of signs pointing to the Divine.[2] It was with this understanding that the pursuit of science was tolerated in Islamic civilizations, specifically during the eighth to sixteenth centuries, prior to the colonization of the Muslim world.[3]

According to most historians, the modern scientific method was pioneered by Islamic scientist Ibn Al-Haytham (known to the west as “Alhazen”);[4] Alhazen helped shift the emphasis on abstract theorizing onto systematic and repeatable experimentation, followed by careful criticism of premises and inferences.[5] Robert Briffault, in The Making of Humanity, asserts that the very existence of science, as it is understood in the modern sense, is rooted in the scientific thought and knowledge that emerged in Islamic civilizations during this time.[6]

Muslim scientists and scholars have subsequently developed a spectrum of viewpoints on the place of scientific learning within the context of Islam, none of which are universally accepted.[7] However, most maintain the view that the acquisition of knowledge and scientific pursuit in general is not in disaccord with Islamic thought and religious belief.[1][7] Physicist Taner Edis argues this is because some Muslims are reading into the metaphorical language of the Holy books what is not there, including recent scientific discoveries.[8

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Offline Shamim Ansary

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Re: Islam And Science.
« Reply #1 on: July 26, 2011, 09:37:13 AM »
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Islam & Science from the link

Islam & Science: The Twin Sisters:
« Last Edit: July 26, 2011, 09:40:56 AM by Shamim Ansary »
"It is not too late to seek a newer world
One equal temper of heroic hearts,
Made weak by time and fate, but strong in will
To strive, to seek, to find, and not to yield."

Shamim Ansary